31 Philosophy

Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking

This is an introductory textbook in logic and critical thinking, aimed at providing the reader with a set of tools and skills that will enable them to identify and evaluate arguments. Reviews are available.

Includes: Exercises

A Brief Introduction to Philosophy

An introduction to philosophy with selections on metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and logic. The emphasis is on exposing students to important philosophers and issues in philosophy.

Includes: Chapter quizzes

An Introduction to Philosophy

This peer-reviewed open textbook presents philosophy to newcomers as a living discipline with historical roots. Early chapters are historically organized, to help trace a developmental progression of thought that introduce basic philosophical methods and frames issues that remain relevant today. Reviews are available.

Includes: Instructor resources

Modern Philosophy

This open textbook in modern philosophy combines readings from primary sources. Reviews are available.

Includes: Study questions

A Concise Introduction to Logic

This textbook is an introduction to formal logic suitable for undergraduates taking a general education course in logic or critical thinking, and is accessible and useful to any interested in gaining a basic understanding of logic. Reviews are available.

Includes: Practice problems

Inferring and Explaining

This is a book in practical epistemology. It examines the notion of evidence and assumes that good evidence is the essence of rational thinking. Reviews are available.

Includes: Exercises and quizzes

Fundamental Methods of Logic

This text is suitable for a one-semester introduction to logic/critical reasoning course. It covers a variety of topics at an introductory level. Reviews are available.

Includes: Exercises

Elementary Formal Logic

This text takes the unique approach of teaching logic through intellectual history; the author uses examples from important and celebrated arguments in philosophy to illustrate logical principles. The text also includes a basic introduction to findings of advanced logic.

Open Logic Project

The Open Logic Text is an open-source, collaborative textbook of formal meta-logic and formal methods, starting at an intermediate level (i.e., after an introductory formal logic course). Though aimed at a non-mathematical audience (in particular, students of philosophy and computer science), it is rigorous.

Applied Ethics Primer

This Applied Ethics Primer offers a concise introduction to both basic argumentation and normative ethical theory. The concepts discussed reflect the ethical theories that currently ground most professional ethics codes and debates in applied ethics.

Philosophical Ethics: A Guidebook for Beginners

This book is an introduction to philosophical ethics intended for use in introductory college or high school level courses. Reviews are available.

Includes: Exercises, slideshow summaries

Introduction to Philosophy: Ethics

This text considers basic questions about moral and ethical judgment. Reviews are available.

Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Mind

This textbook surveys the central themes in philosophy of mind and places them in a historical and contemporary context intended to engage first-time readers in the field. It focuses on debates about the status and character of the mind and its seemingly subjective nature in an apparently more objective world. Reviews are available.

Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy

This book addresses in a novel format the major topics and themes of contemporary metaethics, the study of the analysis of moral thought and judgement. Looking at a wide spectrum of topics including moral language, realism and anti-realism, reasons and motives, relativism, and moral progress, this book engages students and general readers in order to enhance their understanding of morality and moral discourse as cultural practices. Reviews are available.

Includes: Suggestions for further study

The Originals: Classic Readings in Western Philosophy

This open textbook provides readers with an appreciation and understanding of philosophy framed by the very words and ideas of those who have shaped our thinking over the centuries.

Includes: Primary source documents

Words of Wisdom: Intro to Philosophy

This text discusses topics ranging from “Are Humans good by nature?” to “Is there a God?” to “Do I have the right to my own opinion?”, using both ancient and contemporary references. Reviews are available.

Includes: Primary source documents, quiz question bank (upon request)

Plato’s Republic: An Introduction

This book offers a rigorous and thought-provoking analysis of the text, helping readers navigate one of the world’s most influential works of philosophy and political theory. Reviews are available.

Knowledge for Humans

Knowledge for Humans is a textbook aimed at introducing students to fundamental questions about knowledge and skepticism. Many topics often covered in epistemology textbooks are also covered here, such as radical Cartesian skepticism, phenomenalism, externalism, and naturalism. But the text also covers useful topics that are not usually included, such as the social conditions for knowledge, common fallacies, Bayesianism, the internet, conspiracy theories, and how we should go about arguing with one another.

The Material Theory of Induction

Though not a textbook, this open book argues against the assumption that inductive inference can be accommodated by a single formal account with universal applicability. Instead, it argues that that there is no single, universally applicable formal account. Rather, each domain has an inductive logic native to it. The content of that logic and where it can be applied are determined by the facts prevailing in that domain.

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