183 Summary

Dinesh Ramoo

Key Takeaways

  • Death occurs when an individual has sustained either irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions or irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem.
  • Social death occurs when others begin to dehumanize and withdraw from someone who is terminally ill or has been diagnosed with a terminal illness.
  • Acute and chronic respiratory diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, and cardiovascular diseases are the major causes of death in Canada.
  • Curative care is designed to overcome and cure disease and illness.
  • Palliative care focuses on providing comfort and relief from physical and emotional pain to patients throughout their illness, even while being treated.
  • Advanced care planning refers to all documents that pertain to end-of-life care, including advance directives and medical orders.
  • Advance directives are initiated by the patient and include documents that mention a healthcare agent and living wills.
  • Living wills are written or video statements that outline the healthcare initiates the person wishes under certain circumstances.
  • Durable power of attorney for healthcare names the person who should make healthcare decisions in the event that the patient is incapacitated.
  • Medical orders are crafted by a medical professional on behalf of a seriously ill patient.
  • Euthanasia is defined as intentionally ending one’s life when suffering from a terminal illness or severe disability.
  • The Canadian government announced on March 17, 2021 that medical assistance in dying (MAID) was officially in force.
  • Funeral rites are expressions of loss that reflect personal and cultural beliefs about the meaning of death and the afterlife.
  • Grief is the normal process of reacting to a physical loss, such as a death, or a social loss, such as a relationship or job.
  • Bereavement is the period after a loss during which grief and mourning occurs.
  • Mourning is the process by which people adapt to a loss.
  • Kübler-Ross describes five stages of grief (denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance) experienced by someone who faces the news of their impending death.
  • The dual-process model takes into consideration that bereaved individuals move back and forth between grieving and preparing for life without their loved one.


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Developmental Psychology: A Canadian Perspective Copyright © 2022 by Dinesh Ramoo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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