The status dropout rate refers to the percentage of 16 to 24 year-olds who are not enrolled in school and do not have high school credentials (either a diploma or an equivalency credential such as a General Educational Development [GED] certificate). The dropout rate is based on sample surveys of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population, which excludes persons in prisons, persons in the military, and other persons not living in households. Dropout rates in Canada was 16.6% in a survey done in the 1990/1991 school year. By the school year of 2006/2007, it had fallen to 9.3% (see Figure 6.13). This trend is seen in all parts of Canada. However, the decline is more apparent in the East. Rural regions tend to have higher dropout rates compared to the urban parts of Canada.
The dropout rate among high school students in the United States has declined from a rate of 12% in 1990, to 7% in 2013 (U.S. Department of Education, 2015). The rate is lower for Whites than for Blacks, and the rates for both Whites and Blacks are lower than the rate for Hispanics. However, the gap between Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics have narrowed (see Figure 6.13).
The dropout rate for males in 1990 was 12%, where it stayed until 2000. Thereafter the rate has dropped to 7% in 2013. The dropout rate for females in 1990 was 12%, where it dropped to 10% in 2000, and in 2013 was 6%. From 1997 until 2012 the rate for males was appreciably higher than for females, while in 2013 the gender difference was minimal (U.S. Department of Education, 2015).