The first recommendation for a national child care program in Canada was made in 1970 by the Royal Commission on the Status of Women. In the past 20 years, several intergovernmental agreements focused on children were initiated. this included the First Ministers Early Childhood Development Initiative (2001); the 2003 and the 2017 Multilateral Early Learning and Child Care (ELCC) Framework Agreements; and the 2017 Indigenous Early Learning and Child Care Framework. By 2021, all provinces and territories are either implementing, piloting, or developing early learning frameworks. Canada’s provinces and territories also recognize the rolw of Elders in preserving indigenous knowledge and maintaining the oral transmission of knowledge.