141 Summary

Dinesh Ramoo

Key Takeaways

  • The most common age definition for middle adulthood is between forty to forty-five and sixty to sixty-five.
  • Biological factors, such as molecular and cellular changes and oxidative damage, are referred to as primary aging.
  • Aging that occurs due to controllable factors, such as an unhealthy lifestyle, is referred to as secondary aging.
  • Exercise is a powerful way to combat the changes we associate with aging.
  • The climacteric, or the midlife transition when fertility declines, is biologically based but impacted by the environment.
  • Perimenopause refers to a period of transition in which a woman’s ovaries stop releasing eggs and the level of estrogen and progesterone production decreases.
  • Menopause is defined as twelve months without menstruation.
  • Fluid intelligence refers to the capacity to learn new ways of solving problems and performing activities quickly and abstractly.
  • Crystallized intelligence refers to the accumulated knowledge of the world we have acquired throughout our lives.
  • Expertise refers to specialized skills and knowledge that pertain to a particular topic or activity.
  • A novice is someone who has limited experiences with a particular task.
  • Stress is defined as pattern of physical and psychological responses in an organism after it perceives a a threatening event that disturbs its homeostasis and taxes its abilities to cope with the event.
  • According to Erikson, generativity encompasses procreativity, productivity, and creativity.
  • The “sandwich generation” refers to adults who have at least one parent age sixty-five or older and are either raising their own children or providing support for their grown children.


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Developmental Psychology: A Canadian Perspective Copyright © 2022 by Dinesh Ramoo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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