141 Summary

Dinesh Ramoo

Key Takeaways

  • The most common age definition for middle adulthood is from 40-45 to 60-65.
  • Biological factors, such as molecular and cellular changes, and oxidative damage are called primary aging,
  • Aging that occurs due to controllable factors, such as an unhealthy lifestyle including lack of physical exercise and poor diet, is called secondary aging.
  • Exercise is a powerful way to combat the changes we associate with aging.
  • The climactericor the midlife transition when fertility declines, is biologically based but impacted by the environment.
  • Perimenopause refers to a period of transition in which a woman’s ovaries stop releasing eggs and the level of estrogen and progesterone production decreases. 
  • Menopause is defined as 12 months without menstruation.
  • fluid intelligencewhich refers to the capacity to learn new ways of solving problems and performing activities quickly and abstractly.
  • Crystallized intelligencewhich refers to the accumulated knowledge of the world we have acquired throughout our lives.
  • Expertise refers to specialized skills and knowledge that pertain to a particular topic or activity.
  • A novice is someone who has limited experiences with a particular task.
  • Stress is defined as pattern of physical and psychological responses in an organism after it perceives a a threatening event that disturbs its homeostasis and taxes its abilities to cope with the event.
  • According to Erikson generativity encompasses procreativity, productivity, and creativity. 
  • The sandwich generation refers to adults who have at least one parent age 65 or older and are either raising their own children or providing support for their grown children.


About the Author