40 Summary

Martha Lally; Suzanne Valentine-French; and Dinesh Ramoo

Key Takeaways

  • We have explored the dramatic story of the first two years of life.
  • Rapid physical growth, neurological development, language acquisition, the movement from hands on to mental learning, an expanding emotional repertoire, and the initial conceptions of self and others make this period of life very exciting.
  • These abilities are shaped into more sophisticated mental processes, self-concepts, and social relationships during the years of early childhood.

Exercises in Critical Thinking

  1. Consider your own memories as a child. How far can you remember? What aspects of these earliest memories do you think made them resistant to forgetting?
  2. Think of a concept that you learned recently. Write down the process involved in learning it and consider whether it was assimilation or accommodation of your schemata.
  3. Talk to a friend or colleague who is bilingual about their experience in their dominant language versus the language they learned later. Ask them about what aspects of the language they learned later in life they find difficult. Classify their responses in terms of phonology, morphology, and syntax.

About the Authors

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Summary by Martha Lally; Suzanne Valentine-French; and Dinesh Ramoo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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