Reflective Writing

How to Begin

Some writing assignments ask you to reflect on or critique something (such as a clinical experience, an article, an active learning experience, a theatre performance, or a case study). Note that a reflection assignment may differ from one course to the other, so look to your instructor’s guidelines around writing reflections. The following is a simple description that you can use to get you started in writing reflections.


  • What happened?
  • Who was involved?
  • Any relevant details.

 So What?

  • What is the most important/interesting/relevant/useful aspect of the event/idea/ situation?
  • How can it be explained?
  • How is it similar to/different from others?

Now What?

  • What have I learned?
  • How I am going to apply this in the future?

This Reflective Journal Writing Tips video from the Learning Curve might help you get started. This video of a sample reflection may also be helpful.


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