Tipi in front of a sunset. Tipi is sitting atop grass, surrounded by trees.
Fig. 3.1: ‘East Side Sunset’ by Deidre Gregory.

Each day that Indigenous rights are not honoured or fulfilled, inequality between Indigenous peoples and the settler society grows.

– Idle No More, “The Story”

In Canada, we are still dealing with the legacy of colonization. Media, institutions, and ordinary people still perpetuate harmful stereotypes and beliefs about Indigenous Peoples. This creates a society that continues to discriminate against Indigenous Peoples.

Decolonization is the “undoing” of colonization and a process by which Indigenous Peoples are regaining their rightful place in Canada and are thriving.

In Section 3, we will address some of the challenges that exist because of centuries of institutionalized racism.


In Section 3, you will learn about:

  • Stereotypes
  • Microaggressions
  • Cultural appropriation
  • Taking back control
  • Indigenous rights, title, self-determination, and government
  • Decolonization
  • Reconciliation

It should take you about 1 hour to complete Section 3. Please complete the Locate Yourself activity first.

Activity 1: Locate yourself (15 min) 

 Reflect on the following questions

  1. Have you ever experienced being stereotyped or discriminated against?
  2. If yes, what were the short-term consequences? What were the long-term consequences?

Media Attributions

‘East Side Sunset’ (Deidre Gregory) is licensed under an All Rights Reserved License. It is not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Deidre Gregory.


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Pulling Together: Manitoba Foundations Guide (Brandon Edition) Copyright © by Manitoba Foundations Group is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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