Front Matter and Overview

Colleges & Institutes Canada. (2015). Indigenous education protocol for colleges and institutes.  (

Keepers of the Sacred Tradition of Pipemakers. (n.d.). The Creation Story—Turtle Island for the Ojibway/Anishinabe people. (

Sinclair, N. J., & Cariou, W. (2011). Manitowapow: Aboriginal writings from the land of water. High Water Press.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. (2015). What we have learned: Principles of truth and reconciliation. (

Universities Canada. (2015, June 29). Universities Canada principles on Indigenous education. (

Section 1: Introduction to Indigenous Peoples

Andersen, C. (2011, February 22). “I’m Métis: What’s your excuse?”: On the optics and misrecognition of Métis in Canada. Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences. (

Environics Institute. (2010). Urban Aboriginal peoples study: Main report. (

Environics Institute. (2011). Urban Aboriginal peoples study: Winnipeg report. (

Gray, L. (2011). First Nations 101: Tons of Stuff You Need to Know About First Nations People. Adaawx Press.

Indigenous Corporate Training Inc. (2018, November 27). Insight on 10 myths about Indigenous Peoples. (

Moseley, C. (Ed.). (2010). Atlas of the world’s languages in danger (3rd ed.). UNESCO Publishing. (

Pirurvik. (n.d.). What is Inuktut? Inuktut Tusaalanga. (

Statistics Canada. (2017, October 25). Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: Key results from the 2016 census. The Daily. (

Animikii (2020, June 17). Why we say “Indigenous” instead of “Aboriginal.”  (

Section 2: Colonization

Assembly of First Nations. (n.d.). A declaration of First Nations. (

SFU News. (2021, June 4). Finding Indigenous children: The Brandon Indian residential school project. (–the-brandon-indian-residential-scho.html)

Harper, E. (Host). (1990, April 12). Elijah Harper blocks Meech in Manitoba [Interview]. As It Happens; CBC. (

Government of Canada. (2010, September 15). Statement of apology to former students of Indian residential schools. (

Johnson, E. P. (1912). Flint and feather: The complete poems of E. Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake) (7th ed.). The Musson Book Company.

Métis Nation of Ontario. (2020, November 3). MNO highlights Halfbreed Adhesion to Treaty No. 3 as a part of Treaties Recognition Week. (

Middleton, R. (2012). Pontiac’s war: Its causes, course and consequences. Routledge.

Miller, J. R., Marshall, T., & Gallant, D. (2021, June 1). Residential schools in Canada. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 5, 2021. (

Sas, J. (2012, December 8). Uncomfortable truths: Dr. Marie Wilson on the history of residential schools in Canada. Rabble. (

Sinclair, M. (2010, April 19–30). For the child taken, for the parent left behind [Speech]. 9th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, New York, NY, United States. (

Slark, C. (2021, June 5). “The two histories of Turtle Crossing.” Brandon Sun.

Section 3: Decolonization

Elias, P. D. (2017). Dakota. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 26, 2021. (

Idle No More. (n.d.). About the movement. (

The Province of Manitoba. (n.d.). Indigenous education. (

Point, S. L., Xwĕ lī qwĕl tĕl. (2001). Foreword. In K. T. Carlson, C. Duffield, A. McHalsie, L. L. Rhodes, D. M. Schaepe, & D. A. Smith (Eds.), A Stó:lō-Coast Salish historical atlas. Douglas & McIntyre; Stó:lō Heritage Trust.


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